Cheryl Winokur Munk

Scammers often use deceptive tactics to lure unsuspecting seniors into sharing their Medicare number. They might offer to send free medical supplies or genetic testing kits, or promote some other type of refund or incentive.

Here are four protective measures seniors and families should take:

Guard your personal information

Solicitations from Medicare scammers can seem very realistic and tend to pick up during open enrollment, which runs from October 15 through December 7.

Scammers may try to make contact in a variety of ways including telephone, email, postal mail, text messages, leaflets and fliers. Generally, they’re looking to steal personal information such as your Medicare number, which can be used to file bogus Medicare claims. Often the senior has no idea these claims are happening, said Richard Scheff, a partner in the litigation practice group at global law firm Armstrong Teasdale.

Don’t respond to solicitations from companies you don’t recognize or click on links or respond to emails from people you don’t know. And if you get a phone call from someone claiming to be from Medicare, hang up immediately, even if the phone number on the CallerID screen seems like it could be credible. Scammers can use a fake CallerID name to impersonate Medicare or another known organization, according to a consumer warning from the Federal Trade Commission. Seniors should know that no one from Medicare will call or text them unsolicited to ask for money or to help with enrollment or some other service.

Watch out for free offers or incentives

Scammers sometimes offer to send seniors durable medical equipment – such as crutches, knee braces, canes and splints – at no out-of-pocket cost to them, said Ari Parker, senior Medicare advisor. These scammers then ask for the seniors Medicare or social security number so they can bill Medicare for the equipment.

The offers can seem highly believable. One recent example, highlighted by AARP, is a scammer who claimed to have been referred by the Medicare recipient’s doctor. The caller asked if the recipient would like to take a Medicare-covered DNA swab test to rule out cancer that runs in the patient’s family. To obtain the test at no out-of-pocket cost, all the recipient had to do was provide her Medicare number, the scammer said.

Check your benefits statements

One way to detect potential Medicare fraud is to read your explanation of benefits statements carefully, Foley said. Many people don’t take this step at all, or they don’t read the statements carefully, allowing multiple types of fraud to go unnoticed. One way to combat this is to be on the lookout for charges for products or services you don’t recognize or don’t seem to make sense.

If you have questions about a statement, call The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, the federal agency within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services that administers the Medicare program, at 1-800-Medicare.

Report suspected fraud

Call the Medicare number if you suspect fraud. Also contact your local US attorney’s office and the state attorney general’s office, Foley said. You can also file a complaint online on the Federal Trade Commission’s website at

Still have questions about Medicare scams and how to avoid them? Call us toll free at (866) 235-8378 or click here to email us your name and phone number for us to call you.

Medicare scam calls occur when criminals call you pretending to be from Medicare or a legitimate healthcare insurance provider.